PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF GRAIN OF
TRITIKALE DEPENDING ON SORT AND DIFFERENT FACTIONS
V.V., Polynetska I.O.
Uman National University of Horticulture
It is set that volume of grain,
area of external surface, volume of superficial layers and area of external
surface, an equivalent bullet, in direct ratio depend on the geometrical sizes
of grain. The index of spherical hesitates within the limits of 0,54–0,64,
length, width and thickness, makes accordingly 6,6–8,9mm, 1,8–3,5, 2,1–3,6 mm
depending on a sort. Amount endosperm on factions hesitates with in the limits
of 74,6 –85,3%.
fractionating, content endosperm, spherical, sort.
An entry of triticale is a
perspective agricultural culture, demand on which grows gradually. From data of
FAO, the basic producers of grain of triticale is Poland, Byelorussia, Germany,
Australia, France, China, Hungary et al, where his area makes an about 5
million hectare. In Ukraine of triticale occupies about 300 thousand of
hectares. [1, p. 179–188]. However optimized flow sheets of processing of new
varieties of triticale are. One of methods of the rational use of triticale and
receipt of maximal efficiency in a production there is a study of him factious
The rules of conduct of
technological process on the factories of groats and flour-miller are foresee
dividing of corn mass into two factions for optimization of cleaning, whereupon
grain unites for luschinnya. However by researches of Vereschinskogo O.P. it is
set [2, p. 4–5], that at making of flour optimum is additional shelling of
shallow faction separately, that reduces the general ash-content of flour. But
financial viability of fractionating is possible only at the optimum process of
luschinnya and use of high-efficiency sorters [3, p. 20–21].
There is form and linear sizes
of grain influence at choice and description of machines that thresh sit of
separators. Geometrical description of grain determines his closeness for
forming of layer and feature of moving during transporting [4, p. 127–133].
It is set that percent content
endosperm, nature, mass 1000 grains, amount and quality of gluten, quality of
the prepared products and thickness of shells, change depending on the linear
sizes of grain [5, p. 183–185].
were conducted in the laboratory of department of technology of storage and
processing of grain of Uman National University of Horticulture. For an
experiment grain of sorts is used Alkyd, Avatar, Achill, and Ares grown in the
conditions of Right-bank Forest-steppe. For separaciya did use sieves with the
aggressive openings a size 3,2×20, 3,0×20, 2,8×20,
2,6×20, 2,4×20, 2,2×20, 2,0×20, 1,7×20. It was
selected for GOST 13586.3–83, calculation of theoretical information after the
method of Egorova G.A. Mathematical treatment of experimental materials was
carried out the method of analysis of variance of one factor laboratory
experience, using a routine “Microsoft Exel 2010 package”.
The research purpose consisted
in the study of change of physical properties of grain of triticale of
different sorts depending on his geometrical sizes.
For establishment of
conformities to law of physical properties depending on the geometrical sizes
of grain, he was divided on faction, and compared their descriptions to unshared
grain which was control.
of the research. It is
set that a sort influences on quantitative content of different factions of
grain. Yes, most percent content of faction 3,2×20 it was at the sort of
Ares, which was 28,6%, at a sort Alkyd most east is got from a sieve
3,0×20 – 36,8. At the sort of Avatar most content of faction
It is set researches, that
length of grain changed depending on factions of grain of sorts of triticale.
Yes, the longest were grain in faction 3,2×20 – 8,4–8,9 mm depending on a
sort. Did grain of faction have the least length 2,0×20 – 6,6–6,8 mm. A
similar tendency is marked with a width and in thick grain. Yes, at a sort
Alkyd a width went down from 3,2 mm to 1,8 mm, sort of Avatar, – from 3,5 to
1,7, to the sort Akhill – 3,4 to 2,1 and at the sort of Ares – 3,3 to 1,8 mm.
It is set that this index does
not change depending on a sort, little varies at fractionating and is with in
the limits of 0,54–0,64. However, volume of grain, area of external surface, volume
of superficial layers and area of external surface, equivalent bullet in direct
ratio depended on geometrical sizes different factions of corn mass.
Most physical properties of
grain of sorts of triticale winter-annual were got from east of sieve
3,2×20. There is not faction grain little description of grain less by
comparison to this faction.
It is a percent content
endosperm is represented depending on the geometrical sizes of grain. Index of
authenticity of approximation for sorts Alkyd, Avatar, Akhill and Ares, makes
according to 0,89, 0,95, 0,80, 0,81, that predetermines high authenticity of
statistical information and adequacy of the proper dependences y = -1,6087x +
88,182, y= -1,9055x + 88,963, y = -1,1703x + 88,157, y = -1,5219x + 87,962.
Is it set that most endosperm
the got contains grain east of sieve 3,2×20, and the least is east of
sieve 2,0×20 and makes depending on a sort according to 85,3–86,4% and
74,6–78,4%. Amount endosperm on factions hesitates in an insignificant measure
depending on a sort.
volume of grain, area of external surface, volume of superficial layers and
area of external surface, equivalent bullet substantially changes depending on
the geometrical sizes of grain and sort. Higher by a size is characterized
grain of sorts Alkyd, Ares and Akhill, lower – Avatar. The linear sizes of
grain also substantially change depending on the sizes of factions of grain.
More large grain is characterized greater geometrical indexes. The index of
spherical of grain of tritikale hesitates within the limits of 0, 54–0,64,
length. High maintenance endosperm have sorts of Avatar and Akhill which is
78,4–86,4% depending on faction of grain.
Schipak G.V. Results of selection of winter triticale on the
productivity, resistance to cold and quality of grain / G. V. Schipak,
A.P.Petrova, E. N. Shevchenko, V.G. Schipak // Announcer CNZ APV the Kharkov
area. – 2010. – Vip. 9. – P. 179–188.
Vereschinskiy O.P. Bases and practice of increase of
efficiency of high quality for the stove bread grades of wheat: avtoref. dis.
... d-ra techno. Sciences: special. 05.18.02 «Technology of grain-growing, bob,
products of the groats and mixed fodders, oily and lubiyanikh cultures » /
Vereschinskiy Aleksandr Pavlovich; NUKHT. - K., 2013. – 35 p.
Vereschinskiy O.P Or it is needed to withdraw shallow grain
after lead through of high quality grades of wheat / O.P Vereschinskiy //
Storage and processing of grain. – 2011. – № 3 – S. 20–21.
Osokina N.M. The comparative estimation of krupyanikh
properties of grain of winter wheat and furious tritikale and to the barley /
N.M. Osokina, K.V. Kostecka, O.P. Gerasimchuk // Collection of scientific
labours of the Uman National University of Horticulture. – 2012. – Vip. 77 – P.
Technological properties of grain depending on the size of zernivki / G.S.
Gayday // Materials of the Allukrainian scientific conference of young
scientists in 2012, Part 1. - Uman, 2012. – P. 183–185.